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Hagman "Special Deluxe Balancer Model R" Articulator

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Designed By:
Harry C. Hagman, CDT
Manufactured By:
The Hagman Balancer Company, Minneapolis, MN.
US Patent:
Patent Date:


The "Special Deluxe Balancer Model R" articulator was essentially the "Deluxe Balancer" with additional special features. The Model R featured an adjustable "functioning head" and an "extended hinge axis." The "functioning head" was horizontally adjustable in an A-P direction and the "extended hinge axis" was an axle extending laterally from the posterior hinge position. These features were provided the use of a facebow and hinge axis locator. The various attachments that were provided for the "Special Deluxe Balancer Model R" were the Occlusal Arc Guide, the Flat Plane Guide, the Occlusal Level and Mounting Jig, the Natural Path Recorder and Gothic Arch Tracing Device, a Mechanical Incisal Guide Table, Hinge Axis Locator and the Clasp Surveyor.

The "Balancer" articulators were designed according to Monson's "Spherical" theory of mandibular movement. Hagman believed that the mandible functioned in an arc from centric relation and that all movements can be produced in an articulator functioning from a single point of rotation. The operating mechanism of the "Balancer" articulators was a single ball and socket (universal) joint call the "functioning head" located 4 inches directly above the occlusal plane. The hinge joint of the "Balancer" is located to be "in line" or concentric to the occlusal path.

Oblique side view. The attachment is for orienting and mounting the edentulous ridge in denture construction. The “functioning head” allows movement of the vertical post in an arc.
Oblique anterior view. One of three spherical templates used to set denture teeth to a predetermined radius. The horizontal rod represents the “extended hinge axis” for attaching a facebow.
The anterior post and bite fork is a mounting jig for the maxillary rim in complete denture construction.
Detail of the mounting device for the mandibular edentulous ride and the “functioning head”

Dr. Edgar N. Starcke's articles in the Journal of Prosthodontics have more information on the history of articulators.