Skip Navigation
Multi Photo Banner
Departments Header Image

The Hall Experimental Articulator (Experimental-Conical Theory Type) Produced in 1920's

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

Designed By:
Rupert E. Hall
Manufactured By:
Unique, made by Rupert E. Hall
US Patent:
Patent Date:


Rupert Hall left no known documentation related to this instrument, so its intent can only be surmised. According to its design, it can be concluded that it was a prototype based on Hall's "conical" theory. The basic premise of the "conical" theory is that geometric solution to mandibular movement is that the mandible rotates around a central axial point located in the region of the external occipital protuberance. In other words, Hall believed that the maxillary teeth conformed to a segment of an arc of an 8 inch cone.

The posterior control consists of a 45 degree guide plate with a center slot and 3 set screws attached to the lower member. On the upper member is a central ball with lateral rods that allow the ball to travel and rotate within the slot. The two upper and one lower set screws can fix the ball and rod assembly at any position along the plate. The controlling mechanism is the incisal pin and guide. The unique incisal guide consists of three sections, each with fixed lateral wings of different degrees, the highest being 45 degrees but with a straight protrusive path.

 Lateral view, closed position.
 Anterior view of the maxillary member has a central post attached to a horizontal bar that slides freely on a horizontal guide plate of 45 degrees.
Posterior view of posterior controls. The upper horizontal rod may have been for a facebow attachment.
Close-up of anterior guide assembly. Three tiered incisal guide table of various degrees. The desired angle could be selected by moving the table.

Dr. Edgar N. Starcke's articles in the Journal of Prosthodontics have more information on the history of articulators.